Gurubeula Estate, placed within wet-zone of the Southern Province of Sri Lanka in Morawaka, is rich in bio-diversity. This is not only observed within the estate itself, but also in the surrounding forested area and the Morawaka mountain region. Various species of ferns, mushrooms, other endemic plants, birds, insects, aquatic flora and fauna endemic to Sri Lanka and the Sri Lankan wet zone can be observed around this area.
Over a period of 20 years, we have planted a wide variety of timber and forest trees where other estates have simply given the land over for plantations. This is vital for us as it goes hand in hand with our work ethic: Living as one with nature. This planted forest has provided a bio-dome for wetland birds and a wide variety of other fauna which call Gurubeula Estate their home.
As you walk around the Estate, you will cross paths with wild jungle fowl that is the national bird of Sri Lanka. Besides the jungle fowl, should you be lucky, you will observe 18 bird species endemic to Sri Lanka around the estate. Longer you stay and tour the site, higher the chances for you to come across these beautiful denizens of the Sri Lankan wet zone. The Sri Lanka Blue Magpie, the Red Faced Malkoha, and the Chestnut-Backed Owlet are some of these bird species.
Within the many natural pools in the estate and the surrounding region, one can find endemic species of fish. Some of them are endangered, like the Black Ruby Barb while the Asoka Barb and the Barred Danio are critically endangered species of endemic Sri Lankan fish that can only be observed in the Sri Lankan wet zone.
Other Species of Animals
With over 14 species of Dragonflies observable within the limits of Gurubeula Estate, it is a macro photographer’s paradise. Dragonflies play an integral role within the biosphere as they keep feed on mosquitos and other biting flies so that their population is kept in check.
Free roaming Guinea Fowl, Turkey, Duck and Painted Francolins within the free range farm can be observed while you tour the estate premises. Should you be so lucky, animals such as the Chevrotain (Meeminna), wild Rabbits and Wild Boars might cross paths with you during the night time. The Rusty Spotted Cat, one of the cat family’s smallest members can also be seen around the estate at night time.
Large species of hawks and eagles have settled atop the re-forested canopy at the Estate, keeping the balance of small wildlife in check due to their predatory habits.
Over a period of two decades, we have planted an estimated 3500 trees in 5 acres of land and created a forest. It is a speciality that you can enjoy while visiting the Gurubeula Estate. Some of the valuable timber trees that can be found there are, Mahogani (Swietenia mahogani), Kubuk (Terminalia arjuna), Hora (Dipterocarpus zeylanicus), Bulu (Terminalia bellirica), Nadun (Pericopsis mooniana), Halmilla (Berrya cordifolia), Milla (Vitex altissima), Jackfruit Tree (Artocarpus heterophyllus), Kaluwara (Diospyros Ebenum), Champak (Magnolia Champaca), Satin wood (Chloroxylon Swietenia), Teak (Tectona Grandis), Welan, Domba, Kalumadiriya (Diospyros Chaetocarpa), Santol (Sandoricum Koetjape) and Quail Grass (Celosia Argentea).